Articles > Multiple Intelligence
For ages we have believed that a new born baby is like a mass of clay and we can mould or sculpt it the way we want or rather the child can be groomed the way we want him to be. Well that is not 100% true and not possible. In many cases we see that the children have totally different interests than the parent.
The theory of Multiple Intelligence was for the first time proposed by Dr. Howard Gardner in 1983 in his famous book ‘Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligence’. Dr. Gardner articulated several criterias for a behavior to be considered intelligence and he chose eight abilities to be called intelligences which are –
1. Musical –rhythmic and harmonic
2. Visual – Spatial
3. Verbal – Linguistic
4. Logical – Mathematical
5. Bodily- Kinesthetic
1. Musical –Rhythmic Intelligence –
Musical intelligence has to do with sensitivity to music sounds and rhymes. People with high musical intelligence are usually good singers, Vocalist, Instrumentalist or Composers.
2. Visual – Spatial – Intelligence -
Individuals with good Spatial Intelligence are able to visualize with the mind’s eye that is to visualize or see how some thing would look in an empty room. Architects, Interiors, Designers, Civil Engineers are all examples of people who can be said to have good Spatial Intelligence.
3. Logical – Mathematical Intelligence –
Dealing with abstract theories reasoning, logic and critical thinking are all different aspects of logical and mathematical intelligence. Thus some individuals can understand the underlying principles or concepts of a system where as others find it very difficult to understand a similar function.
4. Body kinesthetic Intelligence –
Bodily kinesthetic Intelligence deals with control over bodily motions and their skillful co-ordination. Individuals who have high body kinesthetic intelligence are usually good Sports person, Dancers, Actors, Athletics and Soldiers.
5. Interpersonal Intelligence –
Interpersonal Intelligence has to do with interaction or socialization and includes Sales person, Politicians, Managers, Teachers and Counselors. That is to say that these individuals have sensitivity to others moods, feeling, temperament and can read such feelings to adapt with such situations. They are usually Leaders or Followers and communicate effectively.
6. Intrapersonal Intelligence -
Intrapersonal Intelligence is the capacity of individuals to self reflects or introspects.
It is deep understanding of one’s strengths and weaknesses.
7. Naturalistic Intelligence –
Naturalistic Intelligence has to do with information regarding one’s natural surroundings and was very valuable in the past as hunters and gatherers. Today it is of great help to Botanists who classify plants, animals, mountains, rocks etc.
8. Existential –
This was earlier thought of as spiritual or religious intelligence.