Articles > Learning types
Learning types –
In our day to day life we have seen children imitate elders and get influenced by successful people. The years have passed by, but we still tell stories of how our sons and daughters imitate the fathers going to work, mothers cook and the family looking after their pets and lawns. These are just examples of how children learn from observation and listening but the same is not true about all the children. We also see children learning advertisements word by word; no matter how fast they are only by listening.
Studies have shown that everyone has different learning style. It is important to understand the learning style of children as this best allows us to meet the needs of the child to gather information. Individuals may have a single style or a combination of styles.
Following are the different types of learning styles.
1. Visual Learners
2. Auditory Learners
3. Kinesthetic Learners
4. Motive base Learners
5. Concept based Learners
6. Combination of learning style Ex. Audio/Visual Learners.
Visual Learners –
Visual learners are usually children who always rush for the first bench in the class as they learn by seeing not only what is written on the blackboards but also through the expressions or body movements of the teacher. It is seen that a large population of children are visual learners and therefore benefit by the use of visual aids such as graphs, diagrams, slides, videos etc.
Visual learners have what we may call photographic memories and can remember everything that is seen by them. Some children are able to bring back memories of pictures or events and reproduce them even after a long time has elapsed. Therefore schools now stressed on an audio-visual approach and a DIY (Do It Yourself) practical training for teaching. Nevertheless we need to remember that schools cater to many students at the same time and therefore the need/learning style of each student cannot be taken into consideration.
Auditory Learners –
Audio learners are good listeners and prefer to listen or hear material (lectures) or reading aloud. They tempt to absorb more information through sounds, music, listening to recorded notes, studying in study groups. These individuals can recall information at a later a time if the information has been heard or spoken rather than reading it.
. Auditory learners are active listeners and tend to learn or memorize everything that they hear. We all learn speech by listening and therefore if children are expose to an environment where multiple languages are spoken they tend to learn all the languages without any special effort.
Kinesthetic Learners –
Kinesthetic learners are tactile learners and absorb information by experiencing or doing on our own. They tempt to be touchers or fillers or enjoying touching, doing, moving. They are usually good in excursions and field trips. Hands on learning or Do It Yourself (DIY) are usually best method for kinesthetic learners.
Kinesthetic mode of learning relates to learning by practically doing. That is rather than learn mechanics by reading and studying in class it actually helps to go out and use the levers and nuts and fit everything himself or herself.
Further there are concepts based learners and motive base learners students usually show more willingness to learn if the motive of learning is clear. For ex. A word problem in Maths relating to currencies, interest a child more when he knows that it relates to his day to day activity and will help him save money in future.
Concept based learners on the other hand are more interested in a scientific approach of how things function and its integrities research and development is easier for the student interested in pure sciences.