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State Boards

  • Every state in India has its own board and its own rules and regulations.
  • The examination is conducted by the State Education department at the end of Class X and XII.
  • These are recognized by all Indian Colleges and Universities.
  • Majorly all State Boards allows private candidates to appear directly for the SSC (10 th) exam.
  • The Tamil Nadu State Board allows private candidates to appear directly for HSC (12 th Std.)exam (those who have passed the SSLC or its equivalent) and also has a category for regular private candidates (those who have registered for the exam earlier but failed or were absent).
  • Candidates from other State Board also appear for the exams as private candidates provided they produce their migration certificates. Private candidates can appear only the subjects not involving practical.
  • The Maharashtra State Board also allows children to appear as external students but most people do not choose this option as the child has to do three languages compulsorily.
  • We need to do more localized research to find out about options available in other State Boards.

       Check this link to find out more about the recognized Indian Boards: boards


National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS)

  • NIOS is an open learning institution which caters to the needs of a diverse population of learners through open and distance learning.
  • It is also an examining and certifying authority by itself – just like the other National Boards.
  • It provides freedom to choose subjects and online registration.
  • There is no pre-qualification necessary for any course.
  • A candidate has to choose five subjects for which he/she can appear one at a time. A maximum time frame of five years is given to finish all the subjects/course from the time of registration.
  • It allows for transfer of credits (up to 2 subjects) from some other Boards
  • The courses offered are:
    • Open Basic Education (OBE)
    • Secondary School Certificate education to X th.
    • Senior Secondary Education to XII th.
    • Open Vocational Education
    • Life Enrichment Programmes – more for self-development, although some certificate courses have exams
  • Printed self- instructional study material are given to registered candidates.
  • There is no upper age limit for admission into NIOS courses.
  • It is recognized for admission into professional courses as well.

Options for homeschoolers: 

NIOS is a popular option for homeschoolers because of the flexibility it offers in both admission and choices of subjects.  

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